International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education

International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education


International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education
International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education
Vol. 7, Issue 2 (2022)

Effect of group exercise programme on Fall risk, Lower limb strength, fear of fall and quality of life among older adults of India: A feasibility study


Nupoor Kulkarni, Vaishali Phalke, Swanand Tilekar

Background: The frequency of falls increases with age. Exercise plays an important role in minimizing the fall risk by improving balance and strength. Methods: A pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted with the objectives to assess the feasibility of a group exercise programme to explore whether a group exercise programme minimizes the fall risk impacting modifiable risk factors of falls in older adults such as fear of fall, lower limb strength and Quality of Life (QoL).Participants included were older adults with age:>60 years, increased fall risk and having fear of fall along with significant concern about their balance also not involved in regular exercise program. 21 participants were randomly assigned to either group exercise programme (N=10) or individualized exercise programme (N=11) for 10 weeks by permuted block randomization method. Demographic data, Timed Up and Go test (TUG), 5-times sit to stand test(5TSTST), Fall Efficacy Scale–I (FES), SF12 were assessed before and after 10 – weeks of intervention. Results: The experimental group was statistically significant in physical component summary (PCS) (p<0.00) and mental component summary (MCS) scores (p<0.05) than control group in terms of SF12V2 reflecting the quality of life. The FES, TUG and 5TSTST did not show any statistically significant difference (p>0.001). Conclusion: The results of this feasibility study support future RCT in older adults of India and stated that group exercise programme reduced the risk of fall and fear of fall and improved the lower limb strength and Quality of Life.
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How to cite this article:
Nupoor Kulkarni, Vaishali Phalke, Swanand Tilekar. Effect of group exercise programme on Fall risk, Lower limb strength, fear of fall and quality of life among older adults of India: A feasibility study. International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 11-17
International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education