Association with selected performance variables influence over speed, and cardio respiratory endurance in athletics
K Durga Rao, PPS Paul Kumar
To select athletes of different body types the investigator gathered 60 athletes from different areas, from different colleges of Andhra Pradesh. The body type was determined based on anthropometric measurements consists of objective measurements of structure such as Weight, Height. Chest measurement, Shoulder leg and hand length, girth, thigh and calf muscles measurements and fat content. These men athletes were divided into three groups of twenty each Endomorph, twenty mesomorph, and twenty Ectomorph on the basis of morphological characteristics put forward by Sheldon and others taking into consideration of height, weight, fat content of the individual and also by subjective judgment. The endarorphs are characterised by soft, roundness with prominence of the digestive viscera. No muscle definition, smooth skin, large head, short neck, prominent abdomen and thorax. The mesonorphs are characterised by predominance of muscles and bones, thick coarse skin, hair, broad shoulders etcetera. And the ectonorphs are characterised by long slender limbs, neck and trunk, prominent ribs and small abdomen. After classification of the athletes based on their body types, performance variables selected for this study were administered among all the athletes selected through standard tests for this purpose. To find out the association between specific body types and their performance variables, Pearson Coefficient Correlation was computed and association between body type and performance variables were found out. In all cases 0.05 level was fixed to test the hypothesis of this study.