Association between body mass index percentile and motor skills in 5 to 12 years old Indian children
Deepak R, Dr. Tanvi Agarwal
Obesity and overweight during childhood is a matter of growing concern. Overweight in children has become a matter of growing concern. In developed societies, several studies have shown increasing numbers of overweight children1. The global prevalence of childhood overweight for 2010 is estimated at 46 %. The purpose of this study was to investigate gross & fine motor skill in overweight and obese children compared with normal weight peers. According to International cut off points for body mass index from CDC, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (2000), all 150 participants (5-12 years) were classified as being normal weight (n=52), overweight(n=51), and obese(n=48) in accordance with percentiles for boys & girls. Level of motor skills were assessed using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC).Score for balance and Ball skills (p<.05) were significantly better in normal weight & overweight children as compare with their obese counterparts. A similar trend was found for manual dexterity (p<.10). This study demonstrates that general motor skill level is lower in obese children than in normal weight & overweight peers.