Kinematic analysis of close leg press handstand performing on different apparatuses in artistic gymnastics
Joshi Hem Chandra, Ghai Guru Datt, Rajpoot YS
A press handstand is a gymnastic term referring to the slow and controlled elevation of a gymnast's body from an initial stationary position to a handstand position. The purpose the study was to kinematically analyze and compare the same skill (close leg press handstand) performing on three different apparatuses used in artistic gymnastics. A total of seven (n = 7) best male gymnasts from L.N.I.P.E., Gwalior (M.P.); who had the good mastery over the skill on all selected apparatuses were purposely selected for the present study as subjects. To acquire kinematical data, a digital Sony HDR cx-200 video recording camera with a frame rate of 60 frames per second, were used during the execution by placing it right side of the subjects(gymnasts) and perpendicular to the sagittal plane. The digitization of the skill by converting raw data into numeric values was done with the help of kinovea software to obtain selected kinematic variables. The repeated measure ANOVA was used for the kinematic comparison of all three repeated group at each apparatus. The level of significance was set at 0.05. The results showed the significant difference was found among the repeated groups in case of both the selected variables (p < .05) On the basic discussion it is concluded that performing close leg press handstand on parallel bars as well as the still rings was equally difficult in nature as compare to performing press handstand on floor exercise.