Study of cardio respiratory fitness in relation to somatotype components among Bengali adolescent school girls
Cardio-respiratoryfitness (CRF) reflects the body's ability to transport oxygen during sustained physical activity. Somatotype is defined as the qualification of the present shape and composition of the human body. Adolescence is a transitional stage of physical and psychological human development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood. Present study is designed to find out the influence of different somatotype componentsi.e. endomorph, mesomorph and ectomorph on VO2 max among the adolescent school girls. A total of eighty six (86) Bengali school girl students in between the age of 12 to 15 years were selected randomly for this study. Somatotype and its components - endomorph, mesomorph and ectomorph and cardio respiratory fitness (CRF) were the criterion of the study. Both parameters were measured by the standard tests. The mean value and standard deviation were used as descriptive statistics and the coefficient of correlation (r-value) was computed using Pearson Product Moment Method. Only 0.05 level of significance was considered in this study. Result revealed that the average CRF value was 1097.04 Yards and the subjects had higher value of endomorphy followed by the mesomorphy and ectomorphy. Findings revealed that the correlation between CRF with endomorphy was negative and not significant (p>0.05). This correlation was negative but statistically significant (p<0.05) for mesomorphy but positive and statistically insignificant (p>0.05) for ectomorphy.