Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2017)
Physical inactivity: The fundamental health challenge of our age
Author(s): Dr. Shyam Sundar Rath
Abstract: Physical inactivity is now the fourth leading cause of death in worldwide. It is a global problem. The present urbanization and mechanization of the world has reduced our level of physical activity. Lack of daily physical activities is the main cause of hypo-kinetic diseases like type II diabetes and hypertension. Further they lead to chronic diseases of heart, cancer, coronary artery etc. Regular physical activity is beneficial for exercising the heart, maintaining healthy bones and maintaining a healthy mind. Physical activity is not only a form of preventative medicine (in terms of a public health strategy), but it is also considered a treatment in itself. The World Health Organization (WHO) believes that more than 60% of the global population is not sufficiently active. Approximately 3.2 million deaths each year are attributable to insufficient physical activity. So physical inactivity is the term used to identify people those who do not get recommended level of regular physical activity. Physical inactivity can be defined as less than five times 30 minutes of moderate activity per week, or less than three times 20 minutes of vigorous activity per week, or equivalent.