The effect of wobble board exercise versus BOSU ball exercise on balance, fear of fall and its impact on quality of life in geriatric population
Manal Anthikat, Benitha Lobo, Sneha Katke, Ronald Prabhakar
Background: Aging is defined as a physiological process which is accompanied by functional, biochemical, morphological and psychological changes. In geriatric population, balance problems are multifactorial condition caused due to core muscle weakness, altered muscle activation pattern, inability to control postural sway and most commonly due to loss of proprioception. The incidence of balance impairment in elderly population was found between age groups of 66-70 years. The prevalence of fall in Indian older adults above 60 years, reported about 14%-53%. Also the reported incidence of fear of fall altered between 3-85% in geriatric population. Materials and Methodology: Both male and female (n=60) from tertiary care hospital in Miraj Taluka were taken with age group of 60 years and above were included in this study. Participants were screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and were randomly divided into Group A (n=30) and Group B (n=30). Group A received Wobble board exercise and Group B received BOSU ball exercise. Each exercise session included 30 min ( 10 min warm-up period, followed by 15 min Wobble board/BOSU ball exercise program, and finishing with 10 min cool down period), 2 times a week for 4weeks. Pre intervention and post intervention was done using BBS, FES-I and SF-36 questionnaire. Result: The results were found to be statistically highly significant within the groups (p<0.001) for all parameters and statistically significant between group difference were found for BBS (p=0.002), FES-I (p=0.001), physical limitations due to physical health (p=0.023), energy (p=0.014), emotional well-being (p=0.001) and general health (p=0.015) but no statistical significant between-group difference were found for role limitations due to emotional problem (p=0.19) and pain (p=0.11) suggesting BOSU ball exercise showed more significant improvement than wobble board exercise. Conclusion: The study concludes that BOSU ball exercise is more effective in improving balance, fear of fall and has a positive effect on the quality of life than wobble board exercise in geriatric population.
Manal Anthikat, Benitha Lobo, Sneha Katke, Ronald Prabhakar. The effect of wobble board exercise versus BOSU ball exercise on balance, fear of fall and its impact on quality of life in geriatric population. International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 116-121