International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education

International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education


International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education
International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education
Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2021)

The immediate effects of specific-myofascial release technique versus Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation Hold-relax technique on hamstring flexibility in sub-acute and chronic stroke patients–An experimental study


Manal Anthikat, Jerrin Jacob, Sneha Katke, Ronald Prabhakar

Background: Flexibility is a key component of the physical fitness that enables the person to move smoothly and safely. In stroke, altered flexibility gives rise to alterations in the gait of an individual which affects the locomotion, ultimately which is a basic human necessity. Studies have shown that any shortening of hamstring group of muscles will lead to altered mobility of the spine & pelvis, also altering the gait of the individual. Separate studies have proven the positive effect of PNF on lower limb flexibility and the benefit of MFR using tennis ball in post-stroke patients. The aim of this study was to compare the immediate effect of specific-MFR and PNF hold-relax technique on hamstring flexibility in post-stroke patients. Materials and methods: Thirty-two post-stroke subjects with mild to moderate hamstring tightness in the age group of 30 -75 years participated in this study. Group A received Specific-MFR in prone position with feet off the end of table for 120 seconds, while Group B received PNF Hold-Relax in supine with Hip-knee flexed to 90 degree and then extending the knee till barrier point followed by strong isometric contraction to the hamstrings for 6-10 seconds for 20 repetitions. Pre and Post Treatment popliteal angle was measured using the passive knee extension test. Result: No significant results were found between both the groups indicating equal effectiveness of both the treatment techniques. Conclusion: Our study supported the null hypothesis that is both, specific MFR and PNF technique of hold-relax have equal effects on improving hamstring flexibility in post stroke patients. Clinical Significance: According to the therapist either of the techniques can be applied based on patients’ level of hamstring tightness.
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How to cite this article:
Manal Anthikat, Jerrin Jacob, Sneha Katke, Ronald Prabhakar. The immediate effects of specific-myofascial release technique versus Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation Hold-relax technique on hamstring flexibility in sub-acute and chronic stroke patients–An experimental study. International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 111-115
International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education