Effect of relaxation techniques on fatigue and headaches in premenstrual syndrome
Rebecca Lancelot Ferreira, Dr. Nupoor Kulkarni
Premenstrual syndrome is a common psycho-physiologicalstress induced condition where recurrence of physical, emotional and psychological symptoms cyclically occurring 7-10 days prior to the start of menstruation. PMS may be the ultimate stressor leading to an inability to cope for someone with an underlying affective disorder. Prevalence of PMS in India is 61.7% to 72.3%. Nausea, headaches, fatigue and bloating are some physical symptoms. Psycho-neuro-immunology researches recommend relaxation for enhancement of immune power. Relaxation techniques cause reduction and elimination of stress, fatigue and anxiety. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Meditation with visualization and Mitchell's Relaxation Technique on Fatigue and Headaches in PMS. The participants (N=30) were divided into two groups; group A received meditation with visualization & Group B received Mitchell's Relaxation Technique. Fatigue and headache were assessed pre and post intervention using outcome measures of Global Fatigue Index (GFI) and Headache Disability Index (HDI). Data analysis was done using paired and unpaired‘t’ test. In Group A, pre and post intervention GFI scores were 37.128±8.16 and 27.674 ±9.362 respectively with t-value -12.73493(p <0.01). The pre and post intervention HDI scores were 64.67±9.5 and 45.733±9.764 respectively with t-value -16.197434(p <0.01). In Group B, the pre and post intervention GFI scores were 37.447±6.4893 and 19.502±5.485 respectively with t-value -15.961213(p <0.01). The pre and post intervention HDI scores were 59.467±6.739 and 34.933±7.44 respectively with t-value -17.19015(p <0.01). All the t-values are extremely statistically significant.The result showed statistically significant improvement in the Group B as compared to Group A.
Rebecca Lancelot Ferreira, Dr. Nupoor Kulkarni. Effect of relaxation techniques on fatigue and headaches in premenstrual syndrome. International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education, Volume 4, Issue 3, 2019, Pages 37-43