Work-related musculoskeletal disorders: Its causes and preventions
Dr. Shyam Sundar Rath
Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorder WMSDs is an injury or disorder of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves, blood vessels or related soft tissue including a sprain, strain and inflammation, that may be caused or aggravated by work. WMSDs are a potential problem for all workers who perform repetitive, unaccustomed or physically demanding tasks. Musculoskeletal disorders are associated with high costs to employers such as absenteeism, lost productivity, and increased health care, disabilities, and worker’s compensation costs. Other common names for MSDs (Musculoskeletal Disorder) are repetitive motion injury, repetitive stress injury, overuse injury, cumulative trauma disorder, musculoskeletal strain injuries and musculoskeletal injury (MSI). The early signs and symptoms of MSI are critical so that corrective measures can be implemented to avoid further damage. The signs and symptoms of an injury can appear suddenly or gradually. The rehabilitative treatment can be provided immediately. The risk of work-related injuries can be reduced by education and by well designed job tasks that minimise physical demands. The aim of this paper is to analyse work related musculoskeletal disorder and how it can be prevented properly.