Prevalence of shoulder pain and disability among cerebrovascular accident patients of Surat city in Gujarat state of India
Dr. Vivek H Ramanandi, Hetal Chalodiya, Dhruvi Khunt, Shruti Kakadiya
Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) are a major cause of disability worldwide. Shoulder pain is a common impairment after cerebrovascular accident; and affects patients’ participation in rehabilitation; discourages motion; hinders recovery; and adversely affects function, thereby impeding the process of rehabilitation. Results of this study showed that among all cerebrovascular accident subjects, subjects with right side hand dominance (n=42, 60%) were more affected as compared to left side dominant subjects (n=28, 40%). It was also found that in around 50% cases the cerebrovascular accident was as a result of ischemic pathology affecting the brain. It was found that 61.43% patients (n= 43) had significant shoulder pain which can be considered as prevalent. It was also reported that approximately 60% (n=42) patients suffered from mild to moderate disability associated with shoulder pain.