Effect of yoga on blood lactate in sportsperson: A meta-analysis
Chitra Chand, Dhananjoy Shaw
Blood lactate (La) is a vital parameter to evaluate the post exercise recovery from physiological fatigue in sportsperson. Yoga is a low to moderate intensity active recovery mode that may enhance the La recovery and production capacity or anaerobic capacity. This review aims to put forth the findings available on effectiveness of yoga training on La removal and to analyze the studies in regard to gender and age. The electronic databases such as PubMed, Science Direct, Wiley Online Library and Google Scholar were searched from 2000 to 2020 using the keywords ‘blood lactate’, ‘yoga’, and ‘athletes’. 12 studies were retrieved for critical analysis. From the findings it was concluded that yoga practice reduces La thereby, improving work rate, anaerobic threshold, reducing muscle fatigue, stress reactivity that results in low exertion on the individuals as compared to other physical activities. The duration of yoga intervention to observe reduction in La may range from five to thirty minutes for acute effect and six weeks to two years for chronic effect. However, there was no gender difference in regard to yoga practice and reduction of La concentration as well as there is lack of sufficient literature to explain the effect of yoga practice on La in regard to age.