Vol. 5, Issue 4 (2020)
Effect of tai chi exercise along with conventional on pain, balance and funtion in patients with knee osteoarthritis at the end of 4 weeks: A randomized control trial
Author(s): Narayani Patil, Kiran Jeswani, Sucheta Golhar
Abstract: Purpose: The study was conducted to check the therapeutic effect of tai chi exercise along with conventional exercises on pain, balance and function in patients with Knee osteoarthritis. Introduction: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease most commonly seen in elderly population. Pain, physical disability, reduced quality of life, presence of osteophytes on radiographic images of joints in later stages are some of the manifestations affecting the people having knee osteoarthritis.  Tai chi exercise is one of the preferred exercise therapy for arthritic patients as it inherits features of isometric muscle contraction, correction of body posture and relaxation. Objective: The study objectives were to evaluate the effect of tai chi exercise along with conventional exercises on pain, balance and function in patients with Knee osteoarthritis at the end of 4 weeks. Methods: 30 subjects within the age group 60-80 were selected on the basis of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. After taking their written consents they were divided into two groups. Group “A” received Tai chi exercise + conventional exercises, 6 sessions a week. Group “B” received conventional exercises, 6 sessions a week. Pre and Post intervention readings were taken using the outcome measures VAS (for pain), WOMAC(for function) and Berg balance scale (for balance). Results: The study showed that the experimental group (Group A) had significantly better results than the control group (Group B) with p values <0.0001 for pain, balance and function. Concluson: The study concludes that adding Tai chi exercises along with conventional exercises has significant effects on reducing pain and improving balance and function.