Awareness of special children’s parents about pes planus-cross sectional survey
Trupti S Kulkarni Deshmukh, Satish Pimpale, Shweta Satish Devare Phadke
Introduction: Paediatric pes planus is a common treatable problem seen in special school going children that can be managed with early intervention. However, there is lack of parental awareness regarding pes planus, which can delay treatment. This study aimed to assess the special school going children’s parents’ awareness of pes planus and knowledge regarding its predisposing factors and importance of footwear modification in early childhood.Materials and methods: This study is cross sectional one time survey carried out on 54 special schools going children between 5-16 age groups. Navicular drop test was performed to assess medial arch of foot. Pre validated questionnaire was used to conduct interview of parents having positive pes planus. Post study, total percentage of parent’s awareness regarding existence pes planus in their child, predisposing factors and footwear modification were calculated by statistical analysis. Weighing scale, Height measuring scale, Ruler, Marker, Pre validated questionnaire these were material used during study. Results: By the end of the study, 72.22% of total population showed positive Navicular drop test .In this survey, 82% parents were unaware about pes planus. 62% of total pes planus children were obese. Parents were unaware about following predisposing factors, obesity (79.16%), genetic factors (87.17%). While 79.48% were not aware of footwear modification. Conclusion: Results show that there is low parental awareness regarding predisposing factors and early intervention. Spreading Awareness in special school going children parents about pes planus is important to prevent further foot deformity and Gait deviations.