Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2020)
Effects of stretching versus isometric exercises in primary dysmenorrhea
Author(s): Ahron jog, Archana Methe, Arzoo Shaikh
Abstract: Background: Dysmenorrhea defined as pain associated with menstruation of sufficient magnitude so as to affect day to day activities. Primary dysmenorrhoea is one of the most common medical complaints without any known pathologic pelvic disease. The pain is spasmodic and is located in lower abdomen; may radiate to back and medial aspects of thighs. Systemic discomforts like nausea, vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea and headache may be associated. Materials and Methodology: Subjects with Primary dysmenorrhea (n=30) were included in this study. Total of 30 females subjects with primary dysmenorrhea were selected with their consent. Subjects those matching the inclusion criteria with age group of 18-25 were included for the study. They were randomly divided into two groups; Group A was of 15 subjects and Group B was of 15 subjects. Group A were asked to perform stretching exercises and Group B were asked to perform isometric exercises. For 8 weeks and 4 days per week. Visual analogue scale and verbal multidimensional scoring system was used assess the pre and post effects of exercise. Result: Group A showed significant improvement in the pain and activities of daily living as compared to group B. Mean pre VAS of young females receiving isometrics exercises was 7.95 and mean pre VAS of young females receiving stretching exercises was 7.58. Mean post VAS of young females receiving stretching exercises 3.03 was significantly lower than mean post VAS of young females receiving isometrics exercises 3.94 (p=0.04). Mean pre VMSS of young females receiving isometrics exercises was 2.80 and mean pre VMSS of young females receiving stretching exercises was 2.67. Mean post VMSS of young females receiving isometrics exercises and mean post VMSS of young females receiving stretching exercises was 0.93. Conclusion: The study concluded that stretching exercises are more effective than isometric exercises in reducing pain and improving ADLs in primary dysmenorrhea.