Effect of yoga therapy on Kinesiophobia, pain and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis at the end of 8 weeks: A randomized control trial
Isha Bhonde, Kiran Jeswani, Sucheta Golhar
Purpose: The study was conducted to check the therapeutic effect of Yoga therapy on Kinesiophobia, pain and function in the patients with Knee osteoarthritis.Intoduction: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the joints mainly affecting the knees, hip, intervertebral joints, hands, etc. OA manifest as reduced Range of motion, morning stiffness, painful joint movements, reduced joint space and presence of osteophytes on the radiographic images of the joints while in later stages may develop deformities. Kinesiophobia is defined as the fear of movement generally caused due to any trauma or injury causing avoidance of movements. It causes the avoidance of movements and may increase the chances of disabilities. HATHA yoga is a type of aerobic exercise that includes asanas, pranayama and dhyana. Objective: The study objectives were to evaluate the effect of Yoga therapy on Kinesiophobia, pain and function at the end of 8 weeks in patients with Knee osteoarthritis. Method: 40 subjects within the age group 65-85 were selected on the basis of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. After taking their written consents they were divided into two groups. Group “A” received Yoga therapy + conventional exercises for 4 times a week. Group “B” received conventional exercises for 4 times a week. Pre and Post intervention readings were taken using the outcome measures TAMPA (for Kinesiophobia), VAS (for pain), and WOMAC (for function). Result: The study showed that the experimental group (Group A) had significantly better results than the control group (Group B) with p values 0.0002, 0.0071 and <0.0001 for Kinesiophobia, pain and function respectively. Conclusion: The study concludes that adding Yoga therapy along with conventional treatment has significant effects on reducing Kinesiophobia, pain and thus improving function.