Research perspectives in hathyoga praipika and gherand samhita
Mannat Marwaha, Deepa Chugh
Department of Swasthvritta Evum Yoga (health, hygiene and Yoga) deals with preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative measures of a disease. Non communicable diseases (NCD’s), fungal and bacterial infections, psychosomatic disorders, diseases related to enzyme and hormonal Disbalance, metabolic diseases related to Agni, diseases related to the wear and tear of Dhatus (tissues or organs) forms the major part of Out Patient Department (OPD). Most of the disease Develop due to non-observance of hygienic measures like improper oral hygiene (teeth, gums, tongue and oral cavity), hygiene related to nose, trachea, lungs, eye, stomach, alimentary canal, anus (colon), skin and external orifices of the body. Hathayoga Pradipika and Gherand Samhitadeals withpreventive and promotivecleansing techniques for upper body that includes Dantadhauti, Jivhamoola Shodhana, Kapal Randhra Dhauti, Neti, Vaman Dhauti and techniques for lower body like Vasti and Nauli. There are different Pranayam’s, Moola and Bandha for increasing vital capacity. Further, Asanas claims results having anti-aging effect and prevents death. Some techniques are organ specific like Trataka (eye gazing). Shatkarma (six cleansing techniques) are related with Shodhana (purification), whereas, Asanas, Moola and Bandha deals with balancing Agni. Effects claimed needs to be explored and tested on modern parameters. Scope of research in daily purification/ hygienic procedures is identified in this paper. Direct and indirect references for preventive, promotive and curative medicines/ methods/ procedures in the form of Asana, Pranayama, Moola, Bandha etc. are located, extracted, analyzed and projected.