Vol. 4, Issue 6 (2019)
Balance among elderly population
Author(s): Avi Choudhary
Abstract: Introduction: Aging is associated with a progressive decline in physical capabilities and a disturbance of both postural control and functional mobility. Balance is essential for maintaining postural control and performing various functional activities. Aim: The aim of this study is (i) To assess balance impairments in the elderly population. (ii) To identify how gender differences affects these impairments. Methodology: A sample of 80 subjects was selected from community, consisting of male and female both. Study duration was four months. Then subjects were undergone screening for any cognitive impairment. After screening, all the subjects were assessed using Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and the timed get-up-and-go Test. Result: Out of 80 participants, more than half of the population (59%) had some kind of problem in maintaining balance. In the study population 40 were females and 40 were males. Impairments were more common in females (65%) compared to male. Conclusion: It was found that as the age increases balance impairments and risk of fall also increases while Berg Balance Score decreases and according to this study females was more prone to these impairment.