Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)
Effect of transcendental meditation on selected physiological variables among university men students
Author(s): D Arunachalam, Dr. R Subramanian
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of Transcendental Meditation on selected physiological variables such as breath holding time and resting pulse rate. To achieve this purpose of the study, thirty men students studying in Department of Physical Education, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India were selected as subjects at random. The age of the subjects were ranged from 18 to 20 years. The selected subjects were divided into two equal groups of fifteen subjects each, such as Transcendental Meditation group (Group I) and control group (Group II). The Transcendental Meditation group (Group I) underwent their respective training programme for five days per week for twelve weeks. Group II acted as control in which they did not undergo any special training programme apart from their regular physical education programme. All the subjects of two groups were tested on selected criterion variable such as breath holding time and resting pulse rate at prior to and immediately after the training programme by using holding the breath for time and radial pulse respectively. The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analysis the significant difference, if any in-between the groups. The level of significant to test the ‘F’ ratio obtained by the analysis of covariance was tested at .05 level of confidence, which was considered as an appropriate. The results of the study revealed that there was a significant difference between Transcendental Meditation group and control group on selected physiological variables such as breath holding time and resting pulse rate. Significant changes on selected criterion variables namely Breath holding time and resting pulse rate were also noticed due to Transcendental Meditation.