Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)
Exploring the relationship between measured and perceived blood pressure in vision and hearing impaired adolescents
Author(s): Dr. Nagaraja S, Dr. Gajanana Prabhu B, Prakash SM
Abstract: People with visual and hearing impairment need more support in their psychosocial and physical development. Child with poor vision not only face a lot of individual hardships through his early developing years but also presents many challenges and problems to the responsible adults in his life. Children’s Hypertension is a rising public health issues attracting the attention in worldwide medical professionals. Hypertension in childrenexhibits strong correlations with a variety of factors, among which bodyweight assumes considerable significance. The purpose of the present investigation was to measure the systolic and diastolic blood pressure of vision and hearing-impaired special school children of Karnataka state. Further the level of perception on blood pressure was also correlated with their actual status. The present study was conducted on 414 vision and hearing-impaired children selected through purposive random sampling technique. The study included adolescents with vision impairment (N=243) and hearing impairment (N=171) in male category. All the subjects were residents of special schools within Karnataka state. Their age ranged between 13 to 18 years. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurement was done by following the standard procedure. The level of perception on systolic and diastolic blood pressure of hearing as well asvision loss school children was done using a 3 point likert scale. The systolic blood pressure of 13 to 14 years with 112.24 ± 10.89; 115.94 ± 9.37 in 15 to 16 years; and 118.38 ± 9.81 in 17 to 18 years. The diastolic blood pressure was 78.68 ± 8.81 in 13 to 14 years; 79.85 ± 7.22 in 15 to 16 years; and 80.41 ± 7.13 in 17 to 18 years. On the basis of the findings of the present study it is concluded that nearly half of the special school children are found to be deviating from normal blood pressure. Further, the special school children under investigation are unable to significantly perceive their blood pressure accurately.