Effect of acute autogenic relaxation on neurocognitive function
Sujit Singh, Limon Kumar Saha
Background: Autogenic training is a desensitization relaxation technique developed by the German psychiatrist Johannes Heinrich Schultz by which a psycho physiologically determined relaxation response is obtained. Cognitive function is the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience and sense. It encompasses process such as attention the formation of knowledge, memory and working memory, judgement and evaluation, reasoning and computation, comprehension and production of language. Aim: The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of acute autogenic relaxation on neurocognitive function following aerobic training session. Method: For the purpose of the study 48 B.ped male students were selected randomly as subject from Post Graduate Government Institute for Physical Education (P.G.G.I.P.E), Banipur, North 24 Parganas, West Bengal. Age of the students ranges from 21 to 24 years. All the subjects were divided randomly in to experimental and control groups equally. Neurocognitive test was taken by using DLST worksheets. A slow continuous running for a distance of 5 km was applied on both the groups before pre test. Immediately after aerobic running pre test was taken for all the subjects. Then experimental group undergo autogenic relaxation for 18 minutes and control group did not receive the same. Immediately after autogenic relaxation both the groups were re-tested. Result: ANCOVA was applied to calculate the collected data at 0.05 level of significance and to identify the significance difference on experimental and control groups the mean critical difference was used as a post-hoc test. Not significant difference was found between experimental and control groups on DLST (digit letter substitution test) test scores after acute autogenic relaxation. Discussion: Not significant difference was found on the performance of a neurocognitive task between two groups, but after receiving autogenic relaxation experimental group showed better scores then control group. Conclusion: from the above result it was concluded that single session of autogenic relaxation (18 minutes) cannot produce significant effect on neurocognitive function when compared to control group.