Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)
Comparetive study on body composition among Kho-Kho players, Kabaddi players, physical education trainee students and untrained females
Author(s): Dr. Karuna Sana
Abstract: Purpose of the present study was to find out the influence of varied type of physical activities on the components of body composition. For conducting the study total 100 female subjects [25 untrained females, 25 Physical education trainee students, 25 state level kho-kho players and 25state level kabaddi players] of 22 to 25 years were selected from Alipore Hastings college, and kho-kho and kabaddi players were selected randomly from different district of West Bengal, India,. Criterion measured for conducting the study were Body mass index (BMI), fat percentage, fat mass (FM), lean body mass (LBM) and lean mass to fat mass ratio. Mean and standard deviation were used as descriptive statistics. ANOVA and “t” test were used to compare the groups on components of body composition. It was found that there was no significant difference on BMI among the selected groups. But there were significant differences on fat percentage, fat mass, lean body mass and lean to fat mass ratio among the selected four groups. There were significant differences between the group of untrained females and with all other selected groups on all the components of body composition except the difference between Physical Education trainee students and untrained females on lean body mass. Among the trained groups, there was significant difference on lean to fat mass ratio between the group of physical Education trainee students and Kabaddi players. It was also found that in lean to fat mass ratio, physical education trainee students were better than the subjects of other groups. So it can be concluded that regular participation in different type of training or physical activity programme helps to reduce and maintain the body fat percentage and at the same time it also helps to increase and maintain the lean body mass and lean to fat mass ratio.