International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education

International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education

ISSN: 2456-5067

Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)

Yoga a science, an art or a philosophy: A critical analysis

Author(s): Dr. Shyam Sundar Rath, Pradeep Kumar Biswal
Abstract:
The debate weather yoga is a science, an art or a philosophy has gone on for years. Many scholars about their opinions, that it is both an art and science. With very perfection analysis with solid reasons it comes to conclusion that Yoga is a wonderful combination of both science and art and also one of the six orthodox schools of Indian Philosophy. The term "yoga" comes from a Sanskrit word “Yuj” meaning "union." This is the union of individual soul with the super natural being or the universal soul. Yoga has been practiced for thousands of years as an Indian philosophy to join the individual self with divine, universal soul or cosmic consciousness. Yoga is discussed in the ancient foundational Sutra of Hindu philosophy and is perhaps most elaborately mentioned in Patanjali Yoga sutra. Patanjali is considered as the father of Yoga and his Yoga Sutra are completely dedicated to the knowledge of Yoga. Patanjali defines yoga in his second sutra as:
“Yogaḥ citta-vṛtti-nirodhaḥ” means ‘yoga is the cessation of all the modifications of mind’. The Sanskrit term ‘vritti’ here means all painful or non-painful elements of the mind which keep on suffering in the form of thoughts, feelings and emotions. The Astanga yoga (eight fold path) of Patanjali narrate deeply the importance each steps to attain liberation. These eight fold path are Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dhyana, Dharana, and Samadhi. The first five limbs or steps leads to bodily perfections such as beauty, loveliness, strength and toughness; while the last three limbs through sanyama leads to mind and psychological perfections of perceptiveness. However, in recent times yoga has been extremely popular in the context of fighting stress, anxiety, depression and achieves health related fitness. In the present days, the people are more inclination towards regular practice of yoga to make their body fit and active lifestyle habits. Yoga is not just a set of asans that one performs on the mat, but rather a way of life. The person with a healthy body and calm mind is bound to live a happier and stress-free life. Yoga is an art and is a science that deals with body, breath, mind, soul, and ultimately, the universe itself.
Pages: 45-48  |  1825 Views  1344 Downloads
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