Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)
Recovery from temporomandibular joint dysfunction: An overview of different physiotherapy approaches
Author(s): Dr. Aparna Gupta, Dr. Bharti Arora, Dr. Priyanka Rishi
Background of the study is that Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD) refers to a group of problems related to the temporomandibular joint. The etiology of TMJD is still unclear and is believed to be complex. Objective of the study is to compare the effectiveness of Myofascial Release Technique, Positional Release Technique & Conventional Therapy on pain, Mouth opening & functional status in temporomandibular joint dysfunction patients. Method includes temporomandibular joint dysfunction patients (N=30) recruited and randomly allocated into three groups (Myofascial Release Technique-MFR, Positional Release Technique and Conventional Therapy. All the groups completed 3 weeks of intervention.
Results of the study includes the 3 weeks of treatment program resulted in significant improvement in reduction of pain (NPRS p<0.05) & increase in mouth opening (p<0.05) & increase the functional status in TMJD patients. However, was found to be more clinically effective compared to MFR in all outcome scores. Conclusions of the study is that both MFR & PRT are effective in reducing pain and increasing mouth opening in TMJD subjects. However MFR was found to be superior to PRT.